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Ann Behav Med. 2011 Dec;42(3):304-12. doi: 10.1007/s12160-011-9290-0.

Physical and mental health status and health behaviors of survivors of multiple cancers: a national, population-based study.

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1
Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Little is known about the unique experience of adults with a history of multiple cancer diagnoses (i.e., survivors of multiple cancers).

PURPOSE:

This research assessed the health status and health behaviors of survivors of multiple cancers.

METHODS:

The health status and health behaviors of 8,734 survivors of multiple cancers, 47,562 survivors of a single cancer, and 348,229 non-cancer controls were compared using weighted data from the 2009 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System.

RESULTS:

Survivors of multiple cancers reported poorer physical and mental health status outcomes (e.g., more mental distress and greater activity limitations) than survivors of a single cancer (all p's < 0.001) who reported poorer outcomes than controls (all p's < 0.001). Survivors of multiple cancers reported unhealthier behaviors than survivors of a single cancer and healthier behaviors than controls on most health behavior outcomes (e.g., alcohol use, tobacco use, and diet) (all p's < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

Data suggest the need for clinical interventions to enhance physical and mental health status and to increase adoption of healthier behaviors in survivors of multiple cancers.

PMID:
21732227
PMCID:
PMC3319008
DOI:
10.1007/s12160-011-9290-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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