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Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol. 2011 Apr;18(2):159-63. doi: 10.4103/0974-9233.80706.

Epidemiology of penetrating eye injury in ibadan: a 10-year hospital-based review.

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1
Department of Ophthalmology, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To assess risk factors associated with the occurrence of penetrating ocular injuries among patients presenting to an eye hospital at Ibadan, Nigeria.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

All cases of penetrating ocular injury presenting over a 10 - year period, were identified by retrospective chart review. All current cases of penetrating ocular injury identified were included. All information was obtained retrospectively from the medical records.

RESULTS:

The cohort consisted of 135 cases. The follow-up was for an average period of 24.6 weeks (range, 12-312 weeks). Injuries were most likely to occur at home, in a domestic setting (58%). The most common mechanism of injury was projectile missiles hitting the eye. The age range for injuries was 9 months to 70 years. Penetrating ocular injury was most frequent in the 20-29 years group (31.9%) followed by the 0-9 years age group (31.1%). Males were more frequently involved than females (ratio 4:1). The final acuity was better than 6/18 in 14.8% and less than 3/60 in 59.3% of cases.

CONCLUSIONS:

Penetrating ocular injury occurs, most frequently, in a domestic setting and mostly as a result of working with sharp objects. Preventive measures are recommended to reduce visual disabilities due to ocular injuries.

KEYWORDS:

Eye Injury; Ocular Injury; Ocular Trauma; Penetrating Ocular Injury

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