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J Vis Exp. 2011 Jun 27;(52). pii: 2689. doi: 10.3791/2689.

Live imaging of cell extrusion from the epidermis of developing zebrafish.

Author information

1
Department of Oncological Sciences, Huntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah.

Abstract

Homeostatic maintenance of epithelial tissues requires the continual removal of damaged cells without disrupting barrier function. Our studies have found that dying cells send signals to their live neighbors to form and contract a ring of actin and myosin that ejects it out from the epithelial sheet while closing any gaps that might have resulted from its exit, a process termed cell extrusion┬╣. The optical clarity of developing zebrafish provides an excellent system to visualize extrusion in living epithelia. Here we describe a method to induce and image extrusion in the larval zebrafish epidermis. To visualize extrusion, we inject a red fluorescent protein labeled probe for F-actin into one-cell stage transgenic zebrafish embryos expressing green fluorescent protein in the epidermis and induce apoptosis by addition of G418 to larvae. We then use time-lapse imaging on a spinning disc confocal microscope to observe actin dynamics and epithelial cell behaviors during the process of apoptotic cell extrusion. This approach allows us to investigate the extrusion process in live epithelia and will provide an avenue to study disease states caused by the failure to eliminate apoptotic cells.

PMID:
21730948
PMCID:
PMC3197041
DOI:
10.3791/2689
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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