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Psychol Aging. 2011 Dec;26(4):979-86. doi: 10.1037/a0023877. Epub 2011 Jul 4.

Aging attitudes moderate the effect of subjective age on psychological well-being: evidence from a 10-year longitudinal study.

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Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.


Older subjective age is often associated with lower psychological well-being among middle-aged and older adults. We hypothesize that attitudes toward aging moderate this relationship; specifically, feeling older will predict lower well-being among those with less favorable attitudes toward aging but not those with more favorable aging attitudes. We tested this with longitudinal data from the National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States-II assessing subjective age and psychological well-being over 10 years. As hypothesized older subjective age predicted lower life satisfaction and higher negative affect when aging attitudes were less favorable but not when aging attitudes were more favorable. Implications and future research directions are discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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