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Mol Pharmacol. 1990 Nov;38(5):652-9.

Is adenosine involved in inhibition of forskolin-stimulated cyclic AMP accumulation by caffeine in rat brain?

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1
Department of Pharmacology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322.

Abstract

Caffeine potently inhibited forskolin-stimulated cyclic AMP accumulation in slices of rat cerebral cortex, with an IC50 of 21 +/- 3 microM. Because caffeine competitively blocks adenosine receptors, we examined whether the action of forskolin involved endogenous adenosine or whether caffeine was acting through some novel mechanism. Inhibition by caffeine was observed at all forskolin concentrations examined, although the degree of inhibition decreased at higher concentrations of forskolin. The effect of caffeine was not blocked by the presence of a phosphodiesterase inhibitor but was mimicked by several other methylxanthines. The most potent of these was 8-(p-sulfophenyl)-theophylline, which does not readily cross cell membranes, arguing for an extracellular site of action. Addition of either adenosine or the adenosine uptake blocker dipyridamole potentiated the forskolin response, suggesting that forskolin and adenosine act synergistically in increasing cyclic AMP accumulation. The nonxanthine adenosine receptor antagonist CGS 15943 potently blocked cyclic AMP responses to forskolin, adenosine, and combinations. 3-Isobutyl-1-methylxanthine potently blocked the response to adenosine but caused little or no inhibition of the response to forskolin. Adenosine deaminase (ADA) was added to eliminate contributions of endogenous adenosine. ADA inhibited the response to both adenosine and forskolin; however, 200 times as much enzyme was necessary to inhibit the forskolin response. Inhibition of added ADA with 2'deoxycoformycin dramatically increased the concentration of ADA required to inhibit the adenosine response, without altering the concentration required to inhibit the forskolin response. These results suggest that forskolin-stimulated cyclic AMP accumulation may be partially dependent on endogenous adenosine but that the inhibition observed with caffeine is not solely due to blockade of adenosine receptors.

PMID:
2172772
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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