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Int Dent J. 2011 Aug;61 Suppl 1:11-22. doi: 10.1111/j.1875-595X.2011.00025.x.

Dental caries pathogenicity: a genomic and metagenomic perspective.

Author information

1
The J. Craig Venter Institute, Rockville, MD 20886, USA. scottp@jcvi.org

Abstract

In this review we address the subject of dental caries pathogenicity from a genomic and metagenomic perspective. The application of genomic technologies is certain to yield novel insights into the relationship between the bacterial flora, dental health and disease. Three primary attributes of bacterial species are thought to have direct impact on caries development, these include: adherence on tooth surfaces (biofilm formation), acid production and acid tolerance. Attempts to define the specific aetiological agents of dental caries have proven to be elusive, supporting the notion that caries aetiology is perhaps complex and multi-faceted. The recently introduced Human Microbiome Project (HMP) that endeavors to characterise the micro-organisms living in and on the human body is likely to shed new light on these questions and improve our understanding of polymicrobial disease, microbial ecology in the oral cavity and provide new avenues for therapeutic and molecular diagnostics developments.

PMID:
21726221
PMCID:
PMC3699854
DOI:
10.1111/j.1875-595X.2011.00025.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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