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Thromb Haemost. 2011 Aug;106(2):279-88. doi: 10.1160/TH11-02-0057. Epub 2011 Jul 4.

The pharmacokinetic diversity of two von Willebrand factor (VWF)/ factor VIII (FVIII) concentrates in subjects with congenital von Willebrand disease. Results from a prospective, randomised crossover study.

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  • 1Hemophilia and Thrombophilia Comprehensive Treatment Center, Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University Medical Center, 3800 Reservoir Road NW, Washington, DC 20007, USA.


The pharmacokinetic (PK) profiles of von Willebrand factor (VWF) /factor VIII (FVIII) concentrates are important for treatment efficacy and safety of von Willebrand disease (VWD) patients. This prospective, head-to-head, randomised crossover study compared the PK profile of a new, high purity, human plasma-derived (pd)VWF/FVIII concentrate, Wilate, with the PK profile of an intermediate purity (pd)VWF/FVIII concentrate, Humate-P, in VWD patients. Subjects with inherited VWD were randomised to a single intravenous dose (40 IU/kg VWF ristocetin cofactor activity [VWF:RCo]) of Wilate or Humate-P in Period 1, and switched to the other study drug in Period 2. Each period was preceded by a washout time of ≥ 7 days. Coagulation factor parameters were analysed at multiple time-points. Of 22 randomised subjects, 20 had evaluable PK profiles, which indicated comparability for VWF antigen and VWF:RCo between Wilate and Humate-P. The reported VWF:RCo average and terminal t1/2 of 10.4 and 15.8 hours (h), respectively, for Wilate and 9.3 h and 12.8 h for Humate-P, were not statistically different. Also, the mean VWF:RCo in vivo recoveries (Wilate 1.89, Humate-P 1.99 IU/dl per IU/kg) were similar between the two replacement therapies. Wilate showed parallel decay curves for VWF:RCo and FVIII clotting activity (FVIII:C) over time, while FVIII:C of Humate-P displayed a plateau between 0 and 12-24 h. This study demonstrated bioequivalent PK properties for VWF between Wilate and Humate-P. The PK profile of Wilate, combined with the 1:1 VWF/FVIII ratio, theoretically should facilitate dosing and laboratory monitoring of VWF replacement to prevent bleeding in individuals with VWD.

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