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J Med Chem. 1990 Nov;33(11):3100-10.

Synthesis and evaluation of N-substituted cis-N-methyl-2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)cyclohexylamines as high affinity sigma receptor ligands. Identification of a new class of highly potent and selective sigma receptor probes.

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Laboratory of Medicinal Chemistry, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892.


Certain benzeneacetamides [(-)- and (+)-cis-3,4-dichloro-N-methyl-N-[2-(1-pyrrolidinyl) cyclohexyl]benzeneacetamide] were recently reported to be potent sigma receptor ligands. In order to determine whether efficacy for the sigma receptor could be improved, a series of compounds related to the benzeneacetamides, N-substituted cis-2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)-N-methylcyclohexylamines, were synthesized and their structure-activity requirements were determined. The compounds were synthesized by starting with the previously reported (+/-)-, 1S,2R-(+)-, and 1R,2S-(-)-cis-2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)-N-methylcyclohexylamines. Analysis of sigma ([3H](+)-3-PPP), kappa ([3H]bremazocine and [3H]U69,593), dopamine-d2 ([3H](-)-sulpiride), and phencyclidine (PCP) ([3H]TCP) receptor binding in guinea pig brain revealed a number of highly potent and selective sigma receptor ligands. Notably, 1S,2R-cis-(-)-N-methyl-N-[2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)cyclohexyl]-(2-naphthyl) acetamide [(-)-29] (Ki = 8.66 +/- 0.35 nM), (+/-)-cis-2-amino-4,5-dichloro-N-methyl-N-[2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)cyclohexyl] benzeneacetamide [(+/-)-17] (Ki = 11 +/- 3 nM), 1S,2R-(-)-cis-N-methyl-N-[2-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)ethyl]-2-(1-pyrrolidinyl ) cyclohexylamine [(-)-44] (Ki = 1.3 +/- 0.3 nM), and 1R,2S-(+)-cis-N-methyl-N-[2-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)ethyl]-2-(1-pyrrolidinyl ) cyclohexylamine. [(+)-44] (Ki = 6 +/- 3 nM) exhibited very high affinity at sigma receptors, by displacement of [3H]-(+)-3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-N-(1-propyl)piperidine [( 3H]-(+)-3-PPP). These compounds showed insignificant affinity for kappa, dopamine, or PCP receptors, making them valuable tools for the study of sigma receptors. Furthermore, these compounds also exhibited enantioselectivity ranging from 5-fold for (+)- and (-)-44 to 160-fold for (+)- and (-)-29. Several other compounds showed equivalent selectivity but displayed lower sigma receptor affinity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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