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Age Ageing. 2011 Sep;40(5):595-601. doi: 10.1093/ageing/afr067. Epub 2011 Jul 2.

Ethnicity and falls in older men: low rate of falls in Italian-born men in Australia.

Author information

1
Sydney School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Edward Ford Building (A27), Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia. fiona.stanaway@sydney.edu.au

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

past research suggests that fall rates in older persons may differ by ethnicity. The aim of this study was to compare the incidence of falls between older male Italian-born immigrants and their Australian-born counterparts.

METHODS:

this study analysed data from 335 Italian-born and 848 Australian-born men aged 70 years and over participating in the Concord Health and Ageing in Men Project (CHAMP). Prospective falls data were collected by 4 monthly phone calls (mean follow-up time: 26.7 months). Negative binomial regression compared falls incidence rate ratios (IRR) between the two groups of men.

RESULTS:

there were 37 (11%) Italian-born men and 185 (22%) Australian-born men who had two or more falls during follow-up (P < 0.001). Negative binomial analysis demonstrated that Italian-born men had half the incidence rate of falls compared with Australian-born men (IRR = 0.51, 95% CI = 0.38-0.67). After adjustment for falls risk factors, Italian-born men remained significantly less likely to fall with a 43% lower fall rate (IRR = 0.57, 95% CI = 0.39-0.85).

CONCLUSION:

older male Italian-born immigrants are less likely to fall than their Australian-born counterparts. Differences in fall rates between the two groups are not explained by established falls risk factors.

PMID:
21725083
DOI:
10.1093/ageing/afr067
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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