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Health Educ Behav. 2012 Feb;39(1):87-105. doi: 10.1177/1090198111409748. Epub 2011 Jul 1.

Systems antecedents for dissemination and implementation: a review and analysis of measures.

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Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.


There is a growing emphasis on the role of organizations as settings for dissemination and implementation. Only recently has the field begun to consider features of organizations that affect dissemination and implementation of evidence-based interventions. This manuscript identifies and evaluates available measures for five key organizational-level constructs: (a) leadership, (b) vision, (c) managerial relations, (d) climate, and (e) absorptive capacity. Overall the picture was the same across the five constructs--no measure was used in more than one study, many studies did not report the psychometric properties of the measures, some assessments were based on a single response per unit, and the level of the instrument and analysis did not always match. One must seriously consider the development and evaluation of a robust set of measures that will serve as the basis of building the field, allow for comparisons across organizational types and intervention topics, and allow a robust area of dissemination and implementation research to develop.

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