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Chemosphere. 2011 Sep;85(2):232-8. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.06.026. Epub 2011 Jul 2.

Transcriptional profiles induced by the Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor agonists 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzofuran and 2,3,4,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran in primary rat hepatocytes.

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1
The Dow Chemical Company, Toxicology and Environmental Research & Consulting, 1803 Bldg., Washington Street, Midland, MI 48674, United States. jcrowlands@dow.com

Abstract

Toxicogenomics was used to examine mRNA expression profiles obtained from primary rat hepatocytes treated for 24h with 0.01 or 1.0 nM 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (2,3,7,8-TCDD), 0.02 or 2.0 nM 2,3,4,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran (2,3,4,7,8-PeCDF) and 0.1 or 10nM 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzofuran (2,3,7,8-TCDF). The concentrations of 2,3,4,7,8-PeCDF and 2,3,7,8-TCDF were chosen to be equivalent to 2,3,7,8-TCDD's concentration based on the toxic equivalency factor/toxic equivalent (TEF/TEQ) method for estimating biological potency. 2,3,7,8-TCDD at 1.0 nM altered the expression of 533 genes; 2,3,4,7,8-PeCDF at 2.0 nM altered 182 genes, and 2,3,7,8-TCDF at 10nM altered 154 genes. Of these, 57 genes were affected by all three congeners. Agglomerative hierarchical clustering revealed distinct congener-dependent gene subclusters. Principal components analyses of the microarray data revealed that these congeners cluster independently of one another. Data presented here demonstrate that equivalent TEQ concentrations of 2,3,7,8-TCDD, 2,3,4,7,8-PeCDF and 2,3,7,8-TCDF, while altering the expression of a small battery of genes in common, also produce substantial congener specific alterations in gene expression.

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