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Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2011 Jul;140(1):38-43. doi: 10.1016/j.ajodo.2009.10.046.

Chincup treatment modifies the mandibular shape in children with prognathism.

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Department of Stomatology, Area of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.



Although chincups are the preferred treatment for growing children with mandibular prognathism, the mechanism by which chincups improve this condition remains unclear. The aim of this study was to use geometric morphometrics to evaluate changes in the shape of the mandible of prognathic children treated with a chincup.


Geometric morphometrics were used to evaluate the short-term mandibular shape changes in 50 prognathic children treated with chincups compared with 40 untreated matched controls. Twenty-one 2-dimensional mandibular landmarks from cephalograms taken before and after 36 months of treatment or observation were analyzed by Procrustes superimposition and thin plate spline.


Permutation tests of the treated patients showed highly significant differences in the mandibular shapes before and after treatment, and compared with the control group after the observation period. The thin plate spline grid deformations indicated more rectangular mandibular configuration, forward condyle orientation, condyle neck compression, gonial area compression, and symphysis narrowing.


Early chincup treatment widely modifies the mandibular shape of prognathic children to improve Class III malocclusion.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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