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Vaccine. 2011 Aug 11;29(35):5892-903. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2011.06.071. Epub 2011 Jul 1.

Antigen encoded by vaccine vectors derived from human adenovirus serotype 5 is preferentially presented to CD8+ T lymphocytes by the CD8α+ dendritic cell subset.

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UMR 1161 Virologie Inra, Anses, ENVA, 7 avenue du Général de Gaulle, 94704 Maisons-Alfort, France.


Different subsets of dendritic cells (DC) elicit qualitatively different immune responses. In mice, two lymphoid tissue-resident subsets, CD8α(+) and CD8α(-), have been implicated in the induction of T helper 1 (Th1) or Th2 responses, respectively. Moreover, CD8α(+) DC appear to play a major role in priming CD8(+) T lymphocyte responses to viral antigens in the course of diverse viral infections. These considerations have been less extensively explored for vaccine vectors derived from viruses. Despite inefficient ex vivo transduction of DC, vectored vaccines derived from human adenoviruses of serotype 5 (Ad5) elicit robust immune responses, predominantly of the Th1 orientation, in humans and mice. At present it is unknown whether Ad5 interacts with DC subsets in a differential manner, thereby influencing the quality of the elicited IR. To address this issue, successive steps (attachment, transgene expression, MHC class I antigen presentation and activation of antigen-specific T lymphocytes) involved in induction of immune responses by Ad5-based vectors have been examined in CD8α(+) and CD8α(-) murine DC subsets. Although in both ex vivo and in vivo experiments CD8α(+) and CD8α(-) DC subsets captured an Ad5-based vector to a similar extent, transgene expression and subsequent MHC class I display of a transgene-encoded antigen were more efficient in CD8α(+) DC. Moreover, following in vivo and ex vivo transduction with an Ad5-based vaccine, antigen-specific CD8(+) T lymphocytes were more efficiently activated by CD8α(+) DC than by CD8α(-) DC. Thus, superior antigen expression and MHC class I display in CD8α(+) DC may contribute to preferred priming of antigen-specific CD8(+) lymphocytes by Ad5-transduced CD8α(+) DC.

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