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J Hazard Mater. 2011 Aug 30;192(2):874-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2011.05.107. Epub 2011 Jun 12.

Effect of fire engulfment on thermal response of LPG tanks.

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School of Chemical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116012, Liaoning, China.


A model has been developed to predict the thermal response of liquefied-pressure gases (LPG) tanks under fire, and three-dimensional numerical simulations were carried out on a horizontal LPG tank which was 60% filled. Comparison between numerical predictions and published experimental data shows close agreement. The attention is focused on the influence of different fire conditions (different fire scenarios, various engulfing degrees and flame temperatures) on thermal response of LPG tanks. Potential hazard probabilities under different fire conditions were discussed by analyzing the maximum wall temperature and media energy after the internal pressure rose to the same value. It is found that the less severe fire scenario and lower engulfing case may lead to a greater probability of burst hazard because of the higher maximum wall temperature and media energy before the pressure relief valve (PRV) opens.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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