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Drug Alcohol Depend. 2011 Dec 1;119(1-2):72-80. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2011.05.027. Epub 2011 Jul 1.

Mindfulness training for smoking cessation: results from a randomized controlled trial.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06510, USA. judson.brewer@yale.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of preventable death in the world, and long-term abstinence rates remain modest. Mindfulness training (MT) has begun to show benefits in a number of psychiatric disorders, including depression, anxiety and more recently, in addictions. However, MT has not been evaluated for smoking cessation through randomized clinical trials.

METHODS:

88 treatment-seeking, nicotine-dependent adults who were smoking an average of 20cigarettes/day were randomly assigned to receive MT or the American Lung Association's freedom from smoking (FFS) treatment. Both treatments were delivered twice weekly over 4 weeks (eight sessions total) in a group format. The primary outcomes were expired-air carbon monoxide-confirmed 7-day point prevalence abstinence and number of cigarettes/day at the end of the 4-week treatment and at a follow-up interview at week 17.

RESULTS:

88% of individuals received MT and 84% of individuals received FFS completed treatment. Compared to those randomized to the FFS intervention, individuals who received MT showed a greater rate of reduction in cigarette use during treatment and maintained these gains during follow-up (F=11.11, p=.001). They also exhibited a trend toward greater point prevalence abstinence rate at the end of treatment (36% vs. 15%, p=.063), which was significant at the 17-week follow-up (31% vs. 6%, p=.012).

CONCLUSIONS:

This initial trial of mindfulness training may confer benefits greater than those associated with current standard treatments for smoking cessation.

PMID:
21723049
PMCID:
PMC3191261
DOI:
10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2011.05.027
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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