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Free Radic Biol Med. 1990;9(2):133-41.

Use of salicylate as a probe for .OH formation in isolated ischemic rat hearts.

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Department of Surgery, North Shore University Hospital, Manhasset, NY 11030.


Salicylic acid was used as a probe for .OH formed during reperfusion of the ischemic myocardium. .OH adds to the phenolic ring of salicylate to yield dihydroxybenzoic acid species. The two principal dihydroxybenzoic acids formed are the 2,3- and 2,5-derivatives and can be isolated and quantitated using HPLC combined with electrochemical detection. In these experiments, dihydroxybenzoic acids were detectable in the f molar range. Rat hearts were perfused in the Langendorff mode with Krebs-Henseleit buffer containing 100 microM salicylate. Following 20 min of global ischemia a 173% increase in tissue content of 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid was detected after 2.5 min of reperfusion. The duration of ischemia did not significantly affect tissue content of 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid peaked at 250 to 300% of control within 2.5 min of reperfusion. The inclusion of 100 microM salicylate in the perfusion buffer had no effect on myocardial function during the duration of the experiments. The results indicate that salicylate can be used as a very sensitive probe for .OH in the isolated ischemic heart.

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