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Nat Protoc. 2011 Jun 23;6(7):1026-36. doi: 10.1038/nprot.2011.345.

Linear amplification for deep sequencing.

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Department of Molecular Biology, Faculty of Science, Nijmegen Center for Molecular Life Sciences, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.


Linear amplification for deep sequencing (LADS) is an amplification method that produces representative libraries for Illumina next-generation sequencing within 2 d. The method relies on attaching two different sequencing adapters to blunt-end repaired and A-tailed DNA fragments, wherein one of the adapters is extended with the sequence for the T7 RNA polymerase promoter. Ligated and size-selected DNA fragments are transcribed in vitro with high RNA yields. Subsequent cDNA synthesis is initiated from a primer complementary to the first adapter, ensuring that the library will only contain full-length fragments with two distinct adapters. Contrary to the severely biased representation of AT- or GC-rich fragments in standard PCR-amplified libraries, the sequence coverage in T7-amplified libraries is indistinguishable from that of nonamplified libraries. Moreover, in contrast to amplification-free methods, LADS can generate sequencing libraries from a few nanograms of DNA, which is essential for all applications in which the starting material is limited.

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