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J Am Dent Assoc. 2011 Jul;142(7):828-35.

Application of etch-and-rinse adhesives on dry and rewet dentin under rubbing action: a 24-month clinical evaluation.

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School of Dentistry, Department of Restorative Dentistry, Universidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa, ParanĂ¡, Brazil.



Researchers conducting laboratory investigations have reported that bonding to dry demineralized dentin can be feasible technically as long as the adhesives are rubbed vigorously onto the dentin surface. The authors aimed to evaluate the 24-month clinical performance of resin-based composites in noncarious cervical lesions (NCCLs) in teeth restored with two etch-and-rinse adhesives that had been applied with a vigorous rubbing action to both dry and rewet dentin.


The authors enrolled 40 patients in this study. They inserted 160 restorations and evaluated them at baseline and at six, 12 and 24 months of service. They divided the restorations into four groups: One-Step (OS) Universal Dental Adhesive System (Bisco, Schaumburg, Ill.) (acetone-based adhesive) with rewet dentin; OS with dry dentin; Adper Single Bond (SB) Plus Adhesive (3M ESPE, St. Paul, Minn.) (ethanol/water-based adhesive) with rewet dentin; and SB with dry dentin. The authors used the same resin-based composite for all restorations. They evaluated the restorations according to modified U.S. Public Health Service criteria.


The 24-month retention rates for the rewet and dry conditions, respectively, were 95.0 percent and 97.5 percent for SB and 97.5 percent and 91.9 percent for OS. The authors detected no significant difference between rewet and dry groups for either adhesive (P > .05). In terms of marginal discoloration, OS performed significantly worse than did SB, irrespective of dentin moisture (P > .05).


Dentin moisture seems not to be important for the retention of etch-and-rinse adhesives as long as the adhesives have been rubbed vigorously onto the dentin surface. The ethanol/water-based adhesive showed a better overall performance than did the acetone-based system.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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