Send to

Choose Destination
J Hosp Infect. 2011 Sep;79(1):75-89. doi: 10.1016/j.jhin.2011.04.014. Epub 2011 Jun 29.

Guidelines for infection control in nursing homes: a Delphi consensus web-based survey.

Author information

AP-HP, Charles-Foix University Hospital, Observatoire du Risque Infectieux en Gériatrie (Geriatric Infection Risk Monitoring Organisation), Ivry sur Seine, France.


A nationwide survey was performed using a two-round web-based Delphi procedure to develop a set of consensus guidelines for preventing infections among residents in nursing homes (NHs). The research group was led by an investigative group of six specialists. Research analysts conducted a literature search and review of practice guidelines, systematic reviews and articles or abstracts published in English and French on the topic of infection prevention. The literature search was examined by 23 specialists (who compiled a preliminary list of 301 recommendations). Using a Delphi survey online instrument, 81 experts from all relevant medical specialties in the fields of infection prevention and control and geriatrics rated their agreement with each of the recommendations using a nine-point scale (1 = strongly disagree, 9 = strongly agree). During the second round, 79 participants received anonymous feedback from the first round and assessed a narrowed list of 130 recommendations. Recommendations were retained and classified according to the overall median score and ratings percentages by stakeholders. A total of 79 raters rated ≥ 10% of items, and 264 recommendations were retained and rated as follows: 240 items reached consensus, 24 items reached near consensus, 37 items were discarded and one recommendation was deleted. Many infections, though not all, can be prevented in the frail elderly. Thus, these guidelines should be adopted by each healthcare professional and facility to implement routine infection control procedures.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center