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Br J Pharmacol. 2012 Feb;165(4b):1109-23. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-5381.2011.01565.x.

OX1 orexin/hypocretin receptor activation of phospholipase D.

Author information

1
Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Department of Veterinary Biosciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

Orexin receptors potently signal to lipid messenger systems, and our previous studies have suggested that PLD would be one of these. We thus wanted to verify this by direct measurements and clarify the molecular mechanism of the coupling.

EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH:

Orexin receptor-mediated PLD activation was investigated in CHO cells stably expressing human OX(1) orexin receptors using [(14) C]-oleic acid-prelabelling and the transphosphatidylation assay.

KEY RESULTS:

Orexin stimulation strongly increased PLD activity - even more so than the phorbol ester TPA (12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate), a highly potent activator of PLD. Both orexin and TPA responses were mediated by PLD1. Orexin-A and -B showed approximately 10-fold difference in potency, and the concentration-response curves were biphasic. Using pharmacological inhibitors and activators, both orexin and TPA were shown to signal to PLD1 via the novel PKC isoform, PKCδ. In contrast, pharmacological or molecular biological inhibitors of Rho family proteins RhoA/B/C, cdc42 and Rac did not inhibit the orexin (or the TPA) response, nor did the molecular biological inhibitors of PKD. In addition, neither cAMP elevation, Gα(i/o) nor Gβγ seemed to play an important role in the orexin response.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS:

Stimulation of OX(1) receptors potently activates PLD (probably PLD1) in CHO cells and this is mediated by PKCδ but not other PKC isoforms, PKDs or Rho family G-proteins. At present, the physiological significance of orexin-induced PLD activation is unknown, but this is not the first time we have identified PKCδ in orexin signalling, and thus some specific signalling cascade may exist between orexin receptors and PKCδ.

PMID:
21718304
PMCID:
PMC3346250
DOI:
10.1111/j.1476-5381.2011.01565.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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