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Nanomedicine (Lond). 2011 Jun;6(4):617-30. doi: 10.2217/nnm.11.20.

Gold nanorod--siRNA induces efficient in vivo gene silencing in the rat hippocampus.

Author information

1
State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA.

Abstract

AIM:

Gold nanorods (GNRs), cellular imaging nanoprobes, have been used for drug delivery therapy to immunologically privileged regions in the brain. We demonstrate that nanoplexes formed by electrostatic binding between negatively charged RNA and positively charged GNRs, silence the expression of the target housekeeping gene, glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) within the CA1 hippocampal region of the rat brain, without showing cytotoxicity.

MATERIALS & METHODS:

Fluorescence imaging with siRNA(Cy3)GAPDH and dark-field imaging using plasmonic enhanced scattering from GNRs were used to monitor the distribution of the nanoplexes within different neuronal cell types present in the targeted hippocampal region.

RESULTS & CONCLUSION:

Our results show robust nanoplex uptake and slow release of the fluorescent gene silencer with significant impact on the suppression of GAPDH gene expression (70% gene silencing, >10 days postinjection). The observed gene knockdown using nanoplexes in targeted regions of the brain opens a new era of drug treatment for neurological disorders.

PMID:
21718174
PMCID:
PMC3132138
DOI:
10.2217/nnm.11.20
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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