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Zhen Ci Yan Jiu. 2011 Apr;36(2):90-4.

[Effect of "Xiusanzhen" on hippocampal muscarinic cholinergic receptor activity in Alzheimer disease rats].

[Article in Chinese]

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Department of Medical Technology, Shaanxi College of Chinese Medicine, Xianyang 712046, China.



To explore the effect of "Xiusanzhen" [electroacupuncture (EA) of bilateral "Yingxiang" (LI 20) and "Yintang" (EX-HN 3)] on activities of hippocampal muscarinic cholinergic receptor (mAChR) and the involved neural path in Alzheimer Disease(AD)rats.


Forty Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into normal control, model, olfactory nerve severing (ONS)-EA of "Xiusanzhen" (ONS-EA) and EA of "Xiusanzhen" (EA) groups. AD model was established by intra-hippocampal injection (AP: 3.5 mm, L:2 mm, H: -2.8 mm) of Abeta(1-40) starch-like peptide (10 microg/2 microL) under the aid of a microsyringe installed in a brain stereotaxis instrument. For rats of the ONS-EA group, the olfactory nerve was severed by using a surgical knife after drilling a hole on the skull (5 mm anterior to the bregma, L, R: 2 mm). The mAChR density, and its maximum binding capacity (Bmax) and dissociation constant (Kd) of the hippocampus tissue were measured by using radio-ligand binding analysis and Lowry's microamount protein assay.


In comparison with the normal control group, the hippocampal mAChR density and its Bmax in the model group were decreased remarkably (P < 0.05), while the Kd of M-receptor in the model group was increased remarkably (P < 0.05). In comparison with the model group, hippocampal mAChR density and its Bmax in the EA group were up-regulated obviously (P < 0.05), while the Kd of mAChR in the EA group was down-regulated significantly (P < 0.05). No significant differences were found between the model and ONS-EA groups in mAChR density and its Bmax and Kd (P > 0.05).


"Xiusanzhen"-EA can effectively up-regulate hippocampal mAChR density and Bmax and down-regulate Kd of M-receptor of hippocampus in AD rats, which is dependent on the intact olfactory nerve pathway.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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