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Opt Express. 2011 Jun 6;19(12):11623-30. doi: 10.1364/OE.19.011623.

Lifetime distribution of spontaneous emission from emitter(s) in three-dimensional woodpile photonic crystals.

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State Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials and Technologies, School of Physics & Engineering, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China.


Spontaneous emission lifetime distribution in the basic unit cell or on a plane of the excited emitters embedded in woodpile photonics crystals with low refractive index contrast are investigated. It is found that the spontaneous emission lifetime distribution strongly depends on the position and transition frequency of the emitters, and has the same symmetry as that of the unit cell. The lifetimes of emitters near the upper gap edge are longer than that in the center of the pseudo-gap, which is quite a contrast to the conventional concept. Furthermore, it is revealed that the polarization orientation of the emitters has significant influence on the lifetime distribution, and may result in a high anisotropy factor (defined as the difference between the maximum and minimum values of the lifetime) up to 4.2. These results may be supplied in probing the lifetime distribution or orientation-dependent local density of states in future experiments.

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