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J Phys Condens Matter. 2009 Jan 28;21(4):045902. doi: 10.1088/0953-8984/21/4/045902. Epub 2009 Jan 8.

(39)K NMR and EPR study of multiferroic K(3)Fe(5)F(15).

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J Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.


(39)K NMR spectra and relaxation times of polycrystalline K(3)Fe(5)F(15) have been used as a microscopic detector of the local magnetic fields at the magnetic transition at T(N) = 123 K. The NMR lineshape widens abruptly upon crossing T(N) due to the onset of internal magnetic fields, while we find no significant lineshift. The paraelectric to ferroelectric transition at T(c) = 490 K and the magnetic transition at T(N) have also been studied using X-band EPR (electron paramagnetic resonance). An increase and subsequent decrease in the EPR susceptibilities is observed on approaching T(N) from above. There is also a significant increase in the linewidth. At the same time the g-factor first decreases and then increases with decreasing temperature. The local magnetic field is different at different K sites and is much smaller than the magnetic field around the Fe sites. This seems to be consistent with the behaviour of a weak ferrimagnet. The ferrimagnetism does not seem to be due to spin canting as the lattice is disordered, but may arise from thermal blocking of superparamagnetic percolation clusters. The ferroelectric transition at T(c) shows no electronic anomaly, demonstrating that we are dealing with a classical phonon anomaly as found in conventional oxides rather than an electronic transition.

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