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J Phys Condens Matter. 2009 Jan 28;21(4):045801. doi: 10.1088/0953-8984/21/4/045801. Epub 2008 Dec 22.

Characterization of defect levels in semi-insulating 6H-SiC by means of photoinduced transient spectroscopy and modulated photocurrent technique.

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Laboratoire de Génie Electrique de Paris, CNRS (UMR 8507), Ecole Supérieure d'Electricité, Universités Paris VI et XI, 11 rue Joliot Curie, Plateau de Moulon, F-91192 Gif sur Yvette Cedex, France.


Parameters of electrically active defect centres in vanadium-doped 6H silicon carbide (6H-SiC:V) were investigated by means of the photoinduced transient spectroscopy (PITS) and modulated photocurrent (MPC) method. After a short description of the two techniques, experimental results are presented and briefly compared. Our aim is mainly to understand and explain these experimental results. In particular, in the PITS technique a shallow level seems to be at the origin of negative photoconductivity. Besides, in the same temperature range hole and electron levels can be detected at the same time. Finally, the detection of a given level seems to depend on the photon flux used to perform the PITS experiment. As far as the MPC experiment is concerned, it has put into evidence a very efficient shallow level. A numerical calculation was developed to simulate both experiments in order to understand the experimental results. By means of this simulation, we have explained all the phenomena observed experimentally in each technique and we propose a simple model for the distribution of electrically active defect centres in 6H-SiC:V crystals.

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