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J Biol Chem. 2011 Aug 26;286(34):29501-10. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M111.263509. Epub 2011 Jun 28.

Early growth response 1 (Egr1) regulates cholesterol biosynthetic gene expression.

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1
Comparative Biomedical Sciences Graduate Program, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, USA.

Abstract

The early growth response (EGR) family of transcription factors has been implicated in control of lipid biosynthetic genes. Egr1 is induced by insulin both in vitro and in vivo and is the most highly expressed family member in liver. In this study, we investigated whether Egr1 regulates cholesterol biosynthetic genes in liver. Using an insulin-sensitive liver cell line, we show that localization of Egr1 to cholesterol biosynthetic genes is induced by insulin treatment and that this localization precedes the induction of the genes. Reduction in Egr1 expression using targeted siRNA blunted the insulin-dependent induction of cholesterol genes. A similar reduction in squalene epoxidase expression was also observed in Egr1 null mice. In addition, application of chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) samples to tiled gene microarrays revealed localization of Egr1 in promoter regions of many cholesterol gene loci. In vivo ChIP assays using liver tissue show that Egr1 localization to several cholesterol biosynthetic gene promoters is induced by feeding. Finally, analysis of plasma cholesterol in Egr1(-/-) mice indicated a significant decrease in serum cholesterol when compared with wild-type mice. Together these data point to Egr1 as a modulator of the cholesterol biosynthetic gene family in liver.

PMID:
21712389
PMCID:
PMC3190990
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M111.263509
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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