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Virology. 1990 Nov;179(1):487-91.

Different effects of IFN gamma and IFN alpha/beta on "immediate early" gene expression of HSV-1.

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German Cancer Research Center, Institute for Virus Research, Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, Heidelberg.


The effects of interferon gamma (IFN gamma) on early steps of herpes simplex virus (Type 1; HSV-1) replication in primary cultures of splenic mouse macrophages were analyzed and compared to IFN alpha/beta. Pretreatment of macrophages with recombinant murine IFN gamma led to a dose-dependent reduction in the yield of progeny virus. Inhibition of protein synthesis was observed for HSV-1 alpha, beta and gamma-proteins. Expression of the "immediate early" (IE) gene IE3 (ICP4) was investigated in detail. Steady-state level of the RNA and transcriptional activity of the gene in IFN gamma-treated cells were comparable to control-infected cells except for a delay in their kinetics. This is in contrast to IFN alpha/beta, which leads to a stable decrease in IE3 transcripts. Since IFN gamma causes a stable decrease in the IE3 gene product ICP4, our data suggest a translational inhibition of HSV-1 IE gene expression in IFN gamma-treated macrophages. Thus, IFN gamma and IFN alpha/beta inhibit HSV-1 replication by different mechanisms which may lead to a synergistic enhancement of inhibition after combined treatment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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