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Nanoscale Res Lett. 2011 Jan 12;6(1):66. doi: 10.1186/1556-276X-6-66.

Solvothermal synthesis of uniform bismuth nanospheres using poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone) as a reducing agent.

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1
Key Laboratory for Green Chemical Process of Ministry of Education and School of Chemical Engineering & Pharmacy, Wuhan Institute of Technology, Wuhan, 430073, P, R, China. rchenhku@hotmail.com.

Abstract

Uniform bismuth nanospheres were successfully prepared from bismuth nitrate in the presence of poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone) (PVP) by solvothermal process. The product was characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, selected area electron diffraction, and energy-dispersive X-ray. PVP plays a critical role both as a reducing agent and a capping agent in the formation of bismuth nanospheres. Shape and size of bismuth nanospheres could be tuned by changing the employed PVP/bismuth salt ratio. It was also found the solvent had an effect on the morphologies of bismuth nanomaterials. The possible formation and growth mechanism of bismuth nanospheres were also discussed and proposed to explain the reduction step.

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