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Eur J Immunol. 2011 Oct;41(10):2840-51. doi: 10.1002/eji.201141499. Epub 2011 Aug 30.

Mesenchymal stem cell inhibition of T-helper 17 cell- differentiation is triggered by cell-cell contact and mediated by prostaglandin E2 via the EP4 receptor.

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1
Regenerative Medicine Institute, National Centre for Biomedical Engineering Science and School of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, National University of Ireland, Galway, Galway, Ireland.

Abstract

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) inhibit T-cell activation and proliferation but their effects on individual T-cell-effector pathways and on memory versus naïve T cells remain unclear. MSC influence on the differentiation of naïve and memory CD4(+) T cells toward the Th17 phenotype was examined. CD4(+) T cells exposed to Th17-skewing conditions exhibited reduced CD25 and IL-17A expression following MSC co-culture. Inhibition of IL-17A production persisted upon re-stimulation in the absence of MSCs. These effects were attenuated when cell-cell contact was prevented. Th17 cultures from highly purified naïve- and memory-phenotype responders were similarly inhibited. Th17 inhibition by MSCs was reversed by indomethacin and a selective COX-2 inhibitor. Media from MSC/Th17 co-cultures contained increased prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) levels and potently suppressed Th17 differentiation in fresh cultures. MSC-mediated Th17 inhibition was reversed by a selective EP4 antagonist and was mimicked by synthetic PGE2 and a selective EP4 agonist. Activation-induced IL-17A secretion by naturally occurring, effector-memory Th17 cells from a urinary obstruction model was also inhibited by MSC co-culture in a COX-dependent manner. Overall, MSCs potently inhibit Th17 differentiation from naïve and memory T-cell precursors and inhibit naturally-occurring Th17 cells derived from a site of inflammation. Suppression entails cell-contact-dependent COX-2 induction resulting in direct Th17 inhibition by PGE2 via EP4.

PMID:
21710489
DOI:
10.1002/eji.201141499
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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