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Eur J Immunol. 2011 Sep;41(9):2709-18. doi: 10.1002/eji.201141429. Epub 2011 Aug 4.

The S. mansoni glycoprotein ω-1 induces Foxp3 expression in NOD mouse CD4⁺ T cells.

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Department of Pathology, University of Cambridge, Tennis Court Road, Cambridge, UK.


Immunization with Schistosoma mansoni soluble antigen preparations protects non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice against the development of type 1 diabetes. These preparations have long been known to induce Th2 responses in vitro and in vivo. Recently, two separate groups have reported that ω-1, a well-characterized glycoprotein in S. mansoni soluble egg antigens (SEA), which with IL-4 inducing principle of S. mansoni eggs (IPSE/α-1) is one of the two major glycoproteins secreted by live eggs, is a major SEA component responsible for this effect. We found that ω-1 induces Foxp3 as well as IL-4 expression when injected in vivo. We confirmed that ω-1 conditions DCs to drive Th2 responses and further demonstrated that ω-1 induces Foxp3(+) T cells from NOD mouse naïve T cells. In contrast, IPSE/α-1 did not drive Foxp3 responses. The in vitro development of Foxp3-expressing T cells by ω-1 was TGF-β- and retinoic acid-dependent. Our work, therefore, identifies ω-1 as an important factor for the induction of Foxp3(+) T cells by SEA in NOD mice.

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