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J Asthma. 2011 Aug;48(6):553-7. doi: 10.3109/02770903.2011.587581. Epub 2011 Jun 28.

Impact of bariatric surgery on pulmonary function and nitric oxide in asthmatic and non-asthmatic obese patients.

Author information

1
Allergy Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, Sant'Orsola-Poliambulanza Hospital, Brescia, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Asthma is an important co-morbidity of obesity. This study evaluated the impact of bariatric surgery on respiratory function in obese patients and compared the outcomes in asthmatic and non-asthmatic subjects.

METHODS:

The study was observational and prospective and included subjects on waiting list for bariatric surgery. Pulmonary function, symptoms, and exhaled nitric oxide were assessed before surgery and 1 year after.

RESULTS:

Twenty-nine severe obese subjects (age range: 25-66 years) with a mean body mass index of 44.8 ± 4.7 kg/m(2) were included. Fourteen of them had also intermittent to moderate asthma. In the whole population, the body mass index decreased from 44.8 ± 4.7 to 41.1 ± 3.9 kg/m(2) (p = .0001) and the forced vital capacity increased from 3.05 ± 0.83 to 3.50 ± 0.81 L (p = .043). No change was seen in forced expiratory volume and oxygen saturation. These results remained valid also analyzing asthmatics and non-asthmatics separately. Concerning nitric oxide, the decrease at 1 year was significantly different between the two populations, since in asthma patients exhaled nitric oxide decreased by 4.86 ppb after bariatric surgery and increased by 0.27 ppb in non-asthmatics (p = .04).

CONCLUSIONS:

Bariatric surgery significantly reduces the intake of inhaled corticosteroids and the levels of exhaled nitric oxide, thus bronchial inflammation, in asthmatics.

PMID:
21707447
DOI:
10.3109/02770903.2011.587581
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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