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Prenat Diagn. 2011 Sep;31(9):901-6. doi: 10.1002/pd.2802. Epub 2011 Jun 27.

Detection rate of quadruple-marker screening determined by clinical follow-up and registry data in the statewide California program, July 2007 to February 2009.

Author information

1
Genetic Disease Screening Program, California Department of Public Health, Richmond, CA 94804, USA. neely.kazerouni@cdph.ca.gov

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the efficiency of California's quadruple-marker screening program and construct receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves.

METHODS:

This study included the screening records of 552 941 women during July 2007 to February 2009. The screen-positive women received clinical follow-up services at state-approved centers. We used the California Chromosome Defect Registry which includes clinical, laboratory, and demographic data from the prenatal diagnostic centers, cytogenetic laboratories, hospitals, and prenatal care providers. Risk calculations, screen-positive rates (SPRs), detection rates (DRs) for chromosomal abnormalities, and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were determined. ROC curves comparing the quadruple-marker to triple-marker screening were constructed.

RESULTS:

The DR and SPR for trisomy 21 (N = 827) during the quadruple-marker time period were 75.7% (95% CI 72.8-78.6%) and 3.75% (95% CI 3.70-3.80%) compared with 77.4% (95% CI 75.0-79.7%) and 5.4% during the triple-marker phase. The DRs were 78.2% (95% CI 75.0-81.4%) with ultrasound dating and 66.9% (95% CI 59.7-74.0%) for last-menstrual-period-dated pregnancies. For trisomy 18, triploidy, and trisomy 13, the DRs were 84.3, 95.7, and 43.5%, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

The DR for trisomy 21 in California's statewide quadruple-marker screening is very similar to the Program's previously reported DR using triple-marker screening. However, this was achieved at a lower SPR, demonstrating improved screening performance.

PMID:
21706514
DOI:
10.1002/pd.2802
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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