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J Biol Chem. 2011 Aug 19;286(33):28688-96. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M111.239673. Epub 2011 Jun 24.

The LptD chaperone LptE is not directly involved in lipopolysaccharide transport in Neisseria meningitidis.

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1
Department of Molecular Microbiology and Institute of Biomembranes, Utrecht University, 3584 CH Utrecht, The Netherlands. M.Bos@uu.nl

Abstract

The biosynthesis of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in gram-negative bacteria is well understood, in contrast to the transport to its destination, the outer leaflet of the outer membrane. In Escherichia coli, synthesis and transport of LPS are essential processes. Neisseria meningitidis, conversely, can survive without LPS and tolerates inactivation of genes involved in LPS synthesis and transport. Here, we analyzed whether the LptA, LptB, LptC, LptE, LptF, and LptG proteins, recently implicated in LPS transport in E. coli, function similarly in N. meningitidis. None of the analyzed proteins was essential in N. meningitidis, consistent with their expected roles in LPS transport and additionally demonstrating that they are not required for an essential process such as phospholipid transport. As expected, the absence of most of the Lpt proteins resulted in a severe defect in LPS transport. However, the absence of LptE did not disturb transport of LPS to the cell surface. LptE was found to be associated with LptD, and its absence affected total levels of LptD, suggesting a chaperone-like role for LptE in LptD biogenesis. The absence of a direct role of LptE in LPS transport was substantiated by bioinformatic analyses showing a low conservation of LptE in LPS-producing bacteria. Apparently, the role of LptE in N. meningitidis deviates from that in E. coli, suggesting that the Lpt system does not function in a completely conserved manner in all gram-negative bacteria.

PMID:
21705335
PMCID:
PMC3190676
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M111.239673
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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