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Resuscitation. 2011 Oct;82(10):1285-8. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2011.05.023. Epub 2011 Jun 12.

Multidetector CT findings of skeletal chest injuries secondary to cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

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1
Department of Radiology, Gachon University Gil Hospital Namdong-gu, Incheon, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Rib and sternal fractures are frequent complications of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in adults. This is the first study to evaluate the MDCT findings of chest injuries secondary to CPR, by comparing with the findings of radiography.

METHODS:

For 40 patients who underwent MDCT after CPR for a non-traumatic cause of cardiac arrest, we evaluated the MDCT findings of the CPR associated traumatic chest injuries and compared the diagnostic performance of chest radiography and MDCT for the evaluation of chest injuries.

RESULTS:

MDCT revealed that 26 patients (65%) had rib fractures and 12 patients (30%) had sternal fractures. However, radiography detected only 10 patients who had rib fractures. In 25 of the 26 cases, multiple ribs were fractured (ranging up to 13 rib fractures), and the rib fractures were bilateral in 18 of these cases. The majority of rib fractures were located in the anterior part of the thoracic cage. Six of the patients had fracture-related complications (pneumothorax=1, subclavian vein injury=1, chest wall hematoma=4). The sternal fractures predominantly occurred in the middle and lower third of the sternal body (five each for the middle and lower third of the sternal body).

CONCLUSION:

Rib and sternal fractures are frequent complications in patients who underwent CPR. MDCT is useful for the evaluation of chest injuries secondary to CPR as compared with that of radiography and also for the evaluation of the fracture-related complications.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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