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Nutr J. 2011 Jun 24;10:71. doi: 10.1186/1475-2891-10-71.

The risk of child and adolescent overweight is related to types of food consumed.

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, California, USA. Vmatthews@myriverbend.org

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

To investigate the association between the risk of overweight and the consumption of food groups in children and adolescents.

METHODS:

We studied 1764 healthy children and adolescents (age 6-19y) attending 16 Seventh-Day Adventist schools and 13 public schools using a 106-item non-quantitative food frequency questionnaire from the late 1980 Child-Adolescent Blood Pressure Study. Logistic regression models were used to compute the risk of overweight according to consumption of grains, nuts, vegetables, fruits, meats/fish/eggs, dairy, and, low nutrient-dense foods (LNDF).

RESULTS:

The frequency of consumption of grains, nuts, vegetables and LNDF were inversely related to the risk of being overweight and dairy increased the risk. Specifically, the odds ratio (95% CI) for children in the highest quartile or tertile of consumption compared with the lowest quartile or tertile were as follows: grains 0.59(0.41-0.83); nuts 0.60(0.43-0.85); vegetables 0.67(0.48-0.94); LNDF 0.43(0.29-0.63); and, dairy 1.36(0.97, 1.92).

CONCLUSION:

The regular intake of specific plant foods may prevent overweight among children and adolescents.

PMID:
21702912
PMCID:
PMC3130644
DOI:
10.1186/1475-2891-10-71
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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