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Phys Rev Lett. 2011 Jun 3;106(22):225004. Epub 2011 Jun 2.

First observation of edge localized modes mitigation with resonant and nonresonant magnetic perturbations in ASDEX Upgrade.

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Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, Assoziation IPP-EURATOM, Garching, Germany.


First experiments with nonaxisymmetric magnetic perturbations, toroidal mode number n=2, produced by newly installed in-vessel saddle coils in the ASDEX Upgrade tokamak show significant reduction of plasma energy loss and peak divertor power load associated with type-I edge localized modes (ELMs) in high-confinement mode plasmas. ELM mitigation is observed above an edge density threshold and is obtained both with magnetic perturbations that are resonant and not resonant with the edge safety factor profile. Compared with unperturbed type-I ELMy reference plasmas, plasmas with mitigated ELMs show similar confinement, similar plasma density, and lower tungsten impurity concentration.

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