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J Chem Phys. 2011 Jun 21;134(23):234508. doi: 10.1063/1.3602159.

Significant substitution effects in dipolar and non-dipolar supercritical fluids.

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Natural Science Center for Basic Research and Development (N-BARD), Hiroshima University, 1-3-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan.


Vibrational Raman spectra of C=C stretching modes of ethylene derivates (cis-C(2)H(2)Cl(2), cis-stilbene, and trans-stilbene) were measured in supercritical fluids along an isotherm as functions of their densities. The substitution effect of the Raman shift is so significant that a difference among three solutes can be 20 times and is observed similarly in dipolar (CHF(3)) and non-dipolar (CO(2)) fluids. In particular, the shifts of trans-stilbene were enormously large among all systems for studies of vibrational spectroscopies of supercritical fluids and were equivalent to those of typical hydrogen-bonded fluids. Such large shifts arising from the significant attractive energy between solute and solvent molecules were attributed to a site-selective solvation around a phenyl group, which was driven by a dispersion force in the absence of steric hindrance. We found that the absence of steric hindrance causes the significant local density augmentation. To the best of our knowledge, Raman experiments and their theoretical analysis are the first ones quantifying how the difference of steric hindrance produces solvation structures in solution as well as supercritical solutions.


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