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Cell. 1990 Oct 19;63(2):405-15.

Distinct, essential roles of type 1 and 2A protein phosphatases in the control of the fission yeast cell division cycle.

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Department of Biophysics, Faculty of Science, Kyoto University, Japan.


The activities of type 1 protein phosphatase (PP1) and 2A (PP2A) have distinct, essential roles in cell cycle control. Two previously identified PP1 genes (dis2+ and sds21+) and two PP2A genes (ppa1+ and ppa2+), highly homologous to mammalian PP2A, have been isolated from fission yeast. Only double gene disruption of both PP2A genes results in lethality, as is the case for PP1 genes. By fractionating and assaying PPases in wild-type, various deletion, and point mutant strains, the decrease of PP1 or PP2A activity is shown to cause mitotic defects, exhibiting strikingly different cell cycle phenotypes: cold-sensitive mutations in the same amino acid lesion of PP1 and PP2A produce chromosome nondisjunction and premature mitosis, respectively. Consistently, PP1 and PP2A genes cannot be functionally substituted. Although the overall levels of PP1 and PP2A activities do not fluctuate during the cell cycle, subpopulations might be regulated.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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