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Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2011 Oct;99(4):598-603. doi: 10.1016/j.pbb.2011.06.016. Epub 2011 Jun 16.

Peripheral 5-HT1B and 5-HT2A receptors mediate the nociceptive response induced by 5-hydroxytryptamine in mice.

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Laboratório de Farmacologia, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Avenida Antônio Carlos 6627, 31270-901 Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.


While the role of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, serotonin) in the nociceptive processing has been widely investigated in the central nervous system, information regarding its role in peripheral tissues is still lacking. Noteworthy, 5-HT induces phenotypic changes of nociceptors and peripheral injection induces pain in humans and nociceptive response in rodents. However, local receptors involved in 5-HT effects are not well characterized. Thus, we aimed to investigate the role of 5-HT and some of its receptors in the peripheral nociceptive processing in mice. Intraplantar injection of 5-HT (10, 20 or 40 μg) into the hind-paw of mice induced paw licking behavior, which was inhibited by previous intraplantar treatment with cyproheptadine (5-HT(1) and 5-HT(2) antagonist; 0.5 or 5 μg), mianserin (5-HT(2) and 5-HT(6) antagonist; 0.1 μg), isamoltane (5-HT(1B) antagonist; 0.5 or 5 μg) and ketanserin (5-HT(2A) antagonist; 0.1 or 1 μg), but not by BRL 15572 (5-HT(1D) antagonist; 1 or 10 μg), ondansetron (5-HT(3) antagonist; 1, 5, 10 or 20 μg) and SB 269970 (5-HT(7) antagonist; 2.5 and 25 μg). Altogether, these results indicate the local involvement of 5-HT(1), 5-HT(2) and 5-HT(6), especially 5-HT(1B) and 5-HT(2A), in the nociceptive response induced by 5-HT in mice, thus contributing to a better understanding of 5-HT role in the peripheral nociceptive processing. In addition, they also point to important species differences and the need of a wide evaluation of the peripheral nociceptive processing in mice as these animals have been increasingly used in studies investigating the cellular and molecular mechanisms mediating the nociceptive response.

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