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Biophys J. 1990 Aug;58(2):471-81.

Direct binding of verapamil to the ryanodine receptor channel of sarcoplasmic reticulum.

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Department of Physiology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine, Madison 53706.


Radioligand binding experiments and single channel recordings demonstrate that verapamil interacts with the ryanodine receptor Ca2+ release channel of the sarcoplasmic reticulum of rabbit skeletal muscle. In isolated triads, verapamil decreased binding of [3H]Ryanodine with an IC50 of approximately 8 microM at an optimal pH 8.5 and pCa 4.3. Nitrendipine and d-cis-diltiazem did not interfere with binding of [3H]Ryanodine to triads, suggesting that the action of verapamil does not involve the dihydropyridine receptor. Single channel recordings showed that verapamil blocked Ca2+ release channels by decreasing open probability, duration of open events, and number of events per unit time. A direct interaction of verapamil with the ryanodine receptor peptide was demonstrated after purification of the approximately 400 kDa receptor protein from Chaps-solubilized triads. The purified receptor displayed high affinity for [3H]Ryanodine with a Kd of approximately 5 nM and a Bmax of approximately 400 pmol/mg. Verapamil and D600 decreased [3H]Ryanodine binding noncompetitively by reducing the Bmax. Thus the presence of binding sites for phenylalkylamines in the Ca2+ release channel was confirmed. Verapamil blockade of Ca2+ release channels may explain some of the paralyzing effects of phenylalkylamines observed during excitation-contraction coupling of skeletal muscle.

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