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Surg Neurol Int. 2011;2:67. doi: 10.4103/2152-7806.81725. Epub 2011 May 28.

Endovascular implantation of covered stents in the extracranial carotid and vertebral arteries: Case series and review of the literature.

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Department of Neurosurgery, University of Illinois at Chicago, College of Medicine, Chicago IL, USA.



Covered stents are used endovascularly to seal arterial wall defects while preserving vessel patency. This report describes our experience with the use of covered stents to treat cervical pathology, and a review of the literature in regards to this topic is presented.


Two patients presenting with the carotid blowout syndrome and one patient with a vertebrojugular fistula were treated with covered stents. This allowed for preservation of the vessel and was a treatment alternative to cerebral bypass.


Covered stents provide a viable means of preserving the cervical vessels in selected patients; however, long-term follow-up is necessary to determine stent patency and permanency of hemostasis.


Covered stent; carotid blow-out; endovascular; vertebrojugular fistula

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