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Med Clin (Barc). 2012 Jun 16;139(2):54-60. doi: 10.1016/j.medcli.2011.03.034. Epub 2011 Jun 22.

[Comparison of the somatotype, nutritional assessment and food intake among university sport and sedentary students].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

1
Departamento de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública, Facultat de Farmacia, Universitat de València, Burjassot, Valencia, Spain.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:

The study of the somatotype and food intake among university students is important to carry out internal policies about the improvement of health and prevention of diseases. The aim of this study was to compare the somatotype, nutritional assessment and food intake of university sport and sedentary students.

SUBJECTS AND METHOD:

The sample were 1,299 university students (420 males and 879 females) from University of Valencia, during 2008-2009 and 2009-2010, who were evaluated for several anthropometric parameters, the somatotype and the nutritional and food intakes with a 7 day dietary diary.

RESULTS:

The somatotype was Endo-Mesomorph, Meso-Endomorph, Balanced Endomorph and Meso-Endomorph for sport and sedentary males, and sports and sedentary females, respectively. All groups had a high and low percentage of total calories in comparison with proteins plus lipids, and carbohydrates, respectively, as established in the nutritional objectives for the Spanish population. Low vitamin intakes, including E (in the sport males), A, D and E, folate and biotine (in the sedentary males) and A, D, E, folate and biotine (in the sport and sedentary females) were observed. All groups had a high intake of sodium and a deficit of potassium, calcium, iodine and magnesium. On the other hand, cereal groups were the most important in the energy dairy intake.

CONCLUSIONS:

Disequilibrium in macronutrients and micronutrients reflects the importance of developing food policies among University people to improve this situation.

PMID:
21696787
DOI:
10.1016/j.medcli.2011.03.034
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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