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Proteome Sci. 2011 Jun 23;9(1):31. doi: 10.1186/1477-5956-9-31.

Identification of a novel SEREX antigen family, ECSA, in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry and Genetics, Chiba University, Graduate School of Medicine, Chuo-ku, Chiba 260-8670, Japan.
2
Department of Frontier Surgery, Chiba University, Graduate School of Medicine, Chuo-ku, Chiba 260-8670, Japan.
3
Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Toho University, Ota-ku, Tokyo 143-8541, Japan.
4
Product Development Department, Medical & Biological Laboratories Co., Ltd., Ina, Nagano 396-0002, Japan.
5
Department of Bioinfomatics, Chiba University, Graduate School of Medicine, Chuo-ku, Chiba 260-8670, Japan.
6
Department of Molecular Diagnosis, Chiba University, Graduate School of Medicine, Chuo-ku, Chiba 260-8670, Japan.
7
Gastroenterological Center, San-Ai Memorial Hospital, Chuo-ku, Chiba 260-0806, Japan.
#
Contributed equally

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Diagnosis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) may improve with early diagnosis. Currently it is difficult to diagnose SCC in the early stage because there is a limited number of tumor markers available.

RESULTS:

Fifty-two esophageal SCC SEREX antigens were identified by SEREX (serological identification of antigens by recombinant cDNA expression cloning) using a cDNA phage library and sera of patients with esophageal SCC. Sequence analysis revealed that three of these antigens were similar in amino acid sequences, and they were designated as ECSA (esophageal carcinoma SEREX antigen)-1, -2 and -3. The ECSA family was also similar to an EST clone, hepatocellular carcinoma-associated antigen 25a (HCA25a). Serum antibody levels to ECSA-1, -2 and -3 were significantly higher in patients with esophageal SCC than in healthy donors. Based on the conserved amino acid sequences, three peptides were synthesized and used for enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA). The serum antibody levels against one of these peptides were significantly higher in patients with esophageal SCC. This peptide sequence was also conserved in FAM119A, GOSR1 and BBS5, suggesting that these are also ECSA family members. Reverse transcription followed by quantitative PCR analysis showed that the mRNA expression levels of ECSA-1, -2 and -3 and FAM119A but not of HCA25a, GOSR1 and BBS5 were frequently elevated in esophageal SCC tissues.

CONCLUSIONS:

We have identified a new gene family designated ECSA. Serum antibodies against the conserved domain of the ECSA family may be a promising tumor marker for esophageal SCC.

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