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Med Trop (Mars). 2011 Apr;71(2):206-7.

[Mortality of neonatal surgical emergencies at the Gynecology-Obstetric and Pediatric hospital of Yaounde, Cameroon].

[Article in French]


From July 2005 to November 2009, 38 neonates with surgical emergencies died in the neonatal unit of the Gyneco Obstetric and Pediatric Hospital Yaounde. The mortality rate of these emergencies was 43.1%, and those within the age group of 1 to 7 days were the most affected with a sex ratio of 1.2. The mean delay before consultation was 3.7 days. Half of the neonates had a birth weight of less than 2,500 g and 7 cases (18.4%) were premature. A medicalised ambulance was used for transfer to our unit in only half of the neonates. The main disorders were those affecting the digestive tract in 42.1% of our series. In 50% of our cases, there were associated malformations and 28 cases (73.7%) did not undergo surgery. Malnutrition and infection were the main complications in 60% of the cases. The authors discuss this deplorable situation and suggest recommendations for improvement.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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