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J Abnorm Child Psychol. 2011 Nov;39(8):1085-98. doi: 10.1007/s10802-011-9529-z.

Music and video as distractors for boys with ADHD in the classroom: comparison with controls, individual differences, and medication effects.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, Center for Children and Families, Florida International University, AHC1 Room 140, 11200 SW 8th Street, Miami, FL 33199, USA. wpelham@fiu.edu

Abstract

This study examined the effects of music and video on the classroom behavior and performance of boys with and without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and examined the effects of 0.3 mg/kg methylphenidate (MPH). In one study, 41 boys with ADHD and 26 controls worked in the presence of no distractor, music, or video. Video produced significant distraction, particularly for the boys with ADHD, and MPH improved the performance of boys with ADHD across distractor conditions.There were individual differences in response to the music such that some boys were adversely affected and others benefited relative to no-distractor.In a second study, music and MPH were assessed in an additional 86 boys with ADHD to examine further the music results. In the presence or absence of music, MPH improved performance relative to placebo. Similar individual differences were found as in Experiment 1.

PMID:
21695447
DOI:
10.1007/s10802-011-9529-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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