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Infect Drug Resist. 2009;2:27-40. Epub 2009 Jun 8.

Evidence based approach to the treatment of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.

Author information

1
Froedtert Hospital Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA;

Abstract

Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) infections have increased dramatically over the last two decades. The types of infections can range from complicated skin and skin structure infections (cSSSI) to pneumonia and endocarditis. Oral antimicrobial therapy, such as trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, clindamycin, long-acting tetracyclines, or linezolid may provide enhanced benefit to those with uncomplicated cutaneous lesions when used in conjunction with incision and drainage in an outpatient setting. However, resistance, susceptibilities, patient-specific circumstances, and adverse effects can impact a healthcare professional's choice of antibiotics. In patients with complicated infections requiring hospitalization or parenteral treatment, vancomycin remains the drug of choice, even though increased resistance and decreased efficacy have crept into clinical practice. Linezolid, quinupristin/dalfopristin, daptomycin, and tigecycline are alternative intravenous agents for the treatment of CA-MRSA. Investigational agents such as dalbavancin, telavancin, oritivancin, iclaprim, ceftobiprole, ceftaroline, and others may expand our therapeutic armamentarium for the treatment of infections caused by CA-MRSA in the future.

KEYWORDS:

CA-MRSA; PVL; Panton-Valentine leukocidin; cSSSI; community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus; complicated skin and skin structure infections; in vitro activity

PMID:
21694885
PMCID:
PMC3108727

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