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Cornea. 2011 Sep;30(9):1020-3. doi: 10.1097/ICO.0b013e31820967bd.

Management and outcome of microbial anterior scleritis.

Author information

  • 1Cullen Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To evaluate the prevalence, predisposing factors, and outcomes of bacterial and fungal scleritis.

METHODS:

We reviewed the clinical findings, therapeutic interventions, and visual outcomes of patients with suppurative scleral inflammation without preceding microbial keratitis who had microorganisms isolated from scleral scrapings.

DESIGN:

Retrospective interventional case series.

RESULTS:

Of 349 patients with scleritis diagnosed from 1999 to 2009, 6 adults (1.7%) presented with suppurative inflammation of the anterior sclera due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa (2), Streptococcus pneumoniae (2), Staphylococcus aureus (1), and Scedosporium apiospermum/Pseudallescheria boydii (1). Each had ocular surgery of the affected eye before presentation. Intraocular extension occurred in 2 eyes. After local and systemic antimicrobial therapy, all improved without evisceration or enucleation, and 4 attained vision of 20/60 or better.

CONCLUSIONS:

Bacterial or fungal scleritis is an uncommon ocular infection that can belatedly follow anterior segment procedures. Antimicrobial therapy and surgical intervention can successfully control progressive suppuration and reduce vision-limiting complications.

PMID:
21694595
PMCID:
PMC3154501
DOI:
10.1097/ICO.0b013e31820967bd
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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