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Dis Markers. 2011;30(4):171-9. doi: 10.3233/DMA-2011-0766.

Elevated levels of miR-146a and miR-155 in kidney biopsy and urine from patients with IgA nephropathy.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Previous studies suggested miR-146a and miR-155 play important roles in innate and adaptive immune responses. We studied intra-renal and urinary levels of miR-146a and miR-155 in patients with immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN).

METHODS:

Intra-renal and urinary levels of miR-146a and miR-155 are quantified in 43 patients with IgAN; the result was compared to 20 nephrectomy specimens and urine sediment of 13 healthy volunteers.

RESULTS:

The levels of intra-renal and urinary levels of miR-146a and miR-155 of IgAN are significantly higher than controls. Estimated glomerular filtration rate inversely correlates with intra-renal level of miR-146a and miR-155; proteinuria positively correlates with intra-renal level of miR-146a and miR-155, as well as urinary level of miR-146a and miR-155. Intra-renal level of miR-155 significantly correlates with tubulointerstitial scarring. Urinary level of miR-146a inversely correlates with urinary expression of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and positively correlates with urinary expression of regulated upon activation, normal T-cell expressed, and secreted (RANTES). Urinary level of miR-155 inversely correlates with urinary expression of IL-1β and TNF-α and positively correlates with urinary expression of forkhead box P3 (FOXP3) and RANTES.

CONCLUSION:

We conclude that intra-renal and urinary levels of miR-146a and miR-155 were significantly elevated in IgAN, and the degree of upregulation correlates with clinical and histological severity of the disease. Our results suggested miR-146a and miR-155 might play an important role in the pathophysiology of IgAN.

PMID:
21694443
PMCID:
PMC3825242
DOI:
10.3233/DMA-2011-0766
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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