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Transplant Proc. 2011 Jun;43(5):1871-6. doi: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2011.01.190.

Combined heart and kidney transplantation provides an excellent survival and decreases risk of cardiac cellular rejection and coronary allograft vasculopathy.

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Internal Medicine-Division of Cardiology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska68198-2265, USA.



We analyzed the results of combined heart-kidney transplantation (CHKTx) over a 10-year period.


Between September 1996 and May 2007 at Mayo Clinic, 12 patients (age 52 ± 12.2 years) underwent CHKTx as a simultaneous procedure in 10 recipients and as a staged procedure in two recipients with unstable hemodynamics after heart transplantation.


There was no operative mortality. Patient survival rates for the CHKTx recipients at 1 and 3 months and 6 years were 91%, 83%, and 83% and did not differ from isolated heart transplantation (IHTx) recipients (97%, 95%, and 79%, P = 0.61). The freedom from cardiac allograft rejection (≥ grade 2) at 3 months was 73% for CHKTx and had not changed during further follow-up; for IHTx, freedom from rejection at 3 months and 1 and 6 years was 61%, 56%, and 42% (P = .08). Heart and renal allograft survival was 100% with and left ventricular ejection fraction 66% ± 8.4% and glomerular filtration rate 61 ± 25 at last follow-up. There were no signs of cardiac allograft vasculopathy in the CHKTx recipients.


CHKTx yields favorable long-term outcome, with a low incidence of cardiac rejection and vasculopathy. Simultaneous CHKTx appears feasible, if hemodynamics is satisfactory. This approach expands the selection criteria for transplantation in patients with coexisting end-stage cardiac and renal disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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