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Photoprotective effect of superoxide-scavenging antioxidants against ultraviolet radiation-induced chronic skin damage in the hairless mouse.

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Procter & Gamble Company, Miami Valley Laboratories, Cincinnati, Ohio 45239-8707.


Albino hairless mice (Skh:HR-1) exposed chronically to suberythemal doses of ultraviolet radiation develop visible skin changes, histological alterations, and tumors. Topical treatment of mice with solutions of superoxide-scavenging antioxidants (such as alpha-tocopherol, ascorbic acid, propyl gallate and Trolox) prior to each UVB radiation exposure reduced significantly the severity of these events. Tocopherol esters and ascorbyl palmitate were not as effective as the parent compounds in providing protection. The data suggest a role for superoxide in UVB radiation-induced skin photoaging and the protective potential of superoxide scavengers. In contrast, the severity of UVA radiation-induced mouse skin damage was not reduced by topical application of the antioxidants tested here.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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